1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Fraudulent act in the banking industry” is of a special concern to the monetary control and supervisory authority who are charged with the safety of individual banks and the soundness of the banking industry.
Fraudulent act” is common in Nigeria banking industry, but clients as well as employees, temporary staff engage in fraud and forgeries in banks.
Frequent occurrence of fraud ultimately distracts the attention of the management and lead to increase in running cost.
Time and energy that would have been spent improving customer service would be expended on preventing fraud. Increasing cases of fraud and forgeries in our banks lately if not shoped would pose certain threats to the stability and survival of individual banks and the performance of the industry as a whole. Reported cases of fraud in merchant banks dropped significantly from 16 in 1997 to 9 during the year 1998 similarly, there was a reduction in the total amount involved, from 187-59 million in 1997 to N67.35 million in 1998.
Fraud in whatever loss is limitless in classification. In banking industry, there could be presentation of forged cheques granting of unauthorized loans unauthorized over draft, position of fictitious credits, suppression of cheques, fraudulent transfer and withdrawal and so on Dr John Orjih in his text, defined fraud as the deliberate effort aimed at obtaining unlawful advantage at the detriment of another person who is the rightful owner of the fund.
Awosanya, widely defined fraud as any deliberate action in whatever from, written spoken, physically designed to deprive a legitimate owner or his or her asset, property or right.
Osbarn, defined fraud as a means of obtaining material advantage by unfair or wrongful means involving certain moral obligations.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Banks operate on the pivot of public confidence and trust in the ability of the bank of deliver as and when demanded the Nigeria society is poisoned with the desire to get rich quick so as to fell important, as they behave that wealth is the measure for power and importance. It is in realization of these fact that those get rich quick minded set of people direct their attention to defrauding the banks.
Fraud has cause the loss of large amount of money, contributing to the liquidating of several banks and consequent unemployment and similar problems.
This study is therefore beset bys the actuate problem of discovering the genesis and cause of fraudulent act in the banking industry the magnitude of fraudulent practices in the police records remains worrisome, and this has caused a partial paralysis an the root of the root of Nigeria banking system.
This study is also besieged by discovering and suggesting ways of eliminating these frauds before they turn to full paralysis on the banking system and entire economy.
1.3 THE AIM OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this study are as follows
1. To discovered the key interest of involvement in frauds by member of the public.
2. To discovered the extent of involvement of Nigerians in fraudulent practices.
3. To evaluate the consequences of the frauds in the banking industry.
4. To discover ways in checking and preventing frauds in out banks
5. It helps to know the frequent occurrence of fraud and forgeries quarterly and annually in our banks
6. It gives information needed to gain good understanding of the concept that will be highlighted on fraudulent practices.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
i. How can bank staff be informed in preventing fraud
ii. What are the ways in checking and preventing fraud
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study shall be remarkable in the following ways
a. It shall inform banks an dissections of the extent of fraud and suggest means of checking it.
b. It shall expose Nigerian banks to the extent of fraudulent activities.
c. It shall discover other problems caused by fraud in the banking industry.
d. It shall inform the general public on average number of banks rendering returns total number of fraud cases quarterly and annually total amount involved actual expected loss and so on.
e. It shall also serve as a foothold for other researchers who may to go into in depth study on this issue (fraud)
1.6 SCOPE LIMITATION AND DELIMITATION
There are so many difficulties which this research work is confronted with first most bank officials approached were reluctant to give out relevant helpful statistical data on financial frauds occurring in the organization. None of them have accepted being a victim of financial frauds they refused to test such vital information out so that those competitors will not use it as a parameter to determine or measure their internal control efficiency. There is also the cost of research and limited time for acquisition analysis and proper interpretation of data because of the limitation of time finance and other reasons
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