1.1 Background of the study
In 1949 the government of Nigeria appointed F.J. Harlow, principal of Chelsea Polytechnic (London) to assess the need of establishing a College or Colleges of Higher Technical Education (Fafunwa 1994). The report of the two teams led to the establishment in 1952 of three regional Colleges named the Nigeria Colleges of Art, Science and Technology with branches at Ibadan, Enugu and Zaria. Chronological emergence of the Polytechnics showed that the first full blown Polytechnics in Nigeria were first and foremost Technical Institute or Colleges which were primarily established to train technicians. To mention for instance, the Yaba Technical Institute that metamorphosed to the present Yaba College of Technology in 1963 is one of such institute.
However, in the 1970’s Polytechnics/Colleges of Technology were established under various laws which recognize them as statutory bodies with autonomous status. The Institute of Management and Technology is not only a State owned Polytechnic but amongst the first generation of Polytechnics in Nigeria. The Enugu state University of Science and Technology started from one of the campuses of Institute of Management and Technology.A recent event is that Enugu State College of Education (Technical) equally took off from a former Campus 2 of Institute of Management of Technology. The latest is Enugu State College of Agriculture and Agro Entrepreneurship, Iwollo. Conclusively, the Government of Enugu State has four tertiary Institutions of higher learning in Enugu State, Nigeria. The research will be basically interested in the Enugu State University of Science and Technology and College of Education (Technical), Enugu.Also, there are several privately owned tertiary institutions namely: Institute of Ecumenical Education, Thinkers Corner Enugu; Our Savior Institute of Science, Agriculture and Technology, OSISATECH; African Thinkers College of Education, Enugu; Caritas University Emene Enugu; Renaissance University Ugbauka, Enugu; Bishop Okoye University, Emene Enugu; and The College of Education, Nsukka. However, there are other tertiary Institutions of higher learning owned by Federal Government of Nigeria. They are; University of Nigeria Nsukka and Federal College of Education Eha Amufu, Enugu State; Federal College of Cooperative Studies, Oji River; and School of Dental Technology and Therapy. It can be recalled that business education as a discipline was being offered in Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Institute of Management and Technology whereas the creation of Enugu State College of Education (Technical) has made the N.C.E programme to be transferred to it from Institute of Management and Technology, thereby relieving the Institute from offering any Nigeria Certificate in Education programme. It is important to understand computer as relates to its applications and purpose.This is because before going into its influence or importance of business organizations as well as business education, we can look at computer as basically an electronic device that accepts DATA from an input device, performs some kind of manipulations on the data in accordance with pre defined instructions and transfers the manipulated or processed data to an output device for further process or in final printed form such as business document, schedules and management control report (Modum, 1995).The manipulation in the above meaning of a computer implies calculations, comparison, and logical operations. Changes in computer technology are rapid and of great magnitude which indicated that large number of users is found in education, arts, science and engineering. Be it as it may, computer plays important roles in space travel, navigation, banking, traffic control, meteorology, power, medicine, air travel, industry, printing education, telephone and telex. It must be noted that an organization would use a computer only if by so doing it is more profitable (Carey, 1995). The development of internet technology avails an individual the opportunity to surf through the World Wide Web (www) with speed and ease, thereby communicating with others around the globe. Computers have found application in carrying out business in the private and public sectors especially in government agencies.Computer is profitable as labour saving devices which facilitate office work to ease cumbersome nature of manual-typing, cyclo-cyling and other office work before the introduction of computer to office work. Computer applications help increase productivity in terms automation and control in industrial setting and in office applications. All over the world the impact of computer has been felt, efficiency and effective use of computer technology and application are positive. Yet, the impact of computer is not limited to science, engineering and technology but can be applied in Education.The basic question is to what extent has computer technology affected teaching and learning in Business Education in Nigeria.Business education is regarded as a process of instructing person(s) on what happens during business transaction in the office, banks, market and anywhere money changes hands or a type of Education that helps person(s) to learn the facts, acquire the skills, develop abilities to like attitudes useful for success in business situation. The following: book-keeping, accounting, clerical and general office work, distributive, marketing, stenographic and secretarial duties can be performed by a business Educator. Computer technology has developed links which helps the business Educator in carrying out its numerous duties in the field of human endeavour.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Computer technology uses application package, generator and system software which together form computer software. It is complete set of written logical instructions which enables the computer to get solution of a problem. It acts as interface between the computer user and the computer machine itself.
This makes it possible for business Educator(s) to have the opportunity of using computer on the basis of increasing rapid innovation in the educational research work and develop skills necessary to lessen the challenges encountered in secretarial accounting and commercial fields. The use of computer reduces problems in accounting when accounting computer packages are used in analytical process of repairs.
The clear evidence is seen in electronic payments (e-payments) automatic teller machine and as current government polices indicate. Information is easily available on hand held mobile telephone, internets and other communication gadgets. All forms of information helpful to business educators and organizations in carrying out their daily activities are assorted out by information devices namely mobile telephones, internets and other communication gadgets.
Given the forgoing, computer becomes a high stable element of potential success for forward thinking business educators. Computer technology is advancing rapidly on a daily base with new discoveries in the computer system that would continue to lessen the troubles that where encountered by business educator before the invention and commercialization of use of computer.
1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The main purpose of study was to know the impact of computer studies on business education thereby finding out;
1. Whether computer studies have brought about changes on business education in Enugu state.
2. Whether the study of computer in higher institutions of learning in Enugu state brought about positive achievement by business educators in organization.
3. Whether it is profitable studying computer in business education in higher institutions of learning in Enugu state.
4. Whether changes that follow computer studies on business education in higher institutions in Enugu state is appreciated by business educators.
5. Whether study of computer has any improvement on business education in higher institution of learning in Enugu state.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research questions guided the study:
1. What is the change computer studies made on business education in Enugu State?
2. Do the studies of computer positively affect the achievement of business educators in organization?
3. What profit or benefit are derived from computer studies on business education in higher institutions of learning in Enugu State?
4. Do the business educators appreciate changes that computer studies have made on business education in higher institutions of learning in Enugu State?
5. What are the improvements computer studies has made on business education in higher institutions of learning in Enugu state?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
Ho: There is no significant impact of computer studies on the teaching and learning of business education in Enugu state
H1: There is a significant impact of computer studies on the teaching and learning of business education in Enugu state
Ho: There is no significant relationship between computer studies and the teaching and learning of business education in Enugu state
H1: There is a significant relationship between computer studies and the teaching and learning of business education in Enugu state.
1.6SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research work will show the importance of computer applications and uses in accounting, book keeping, clerical, general office work, stenography and secretarial jobs as performed by business educators and determine how these have affected positively or otherwise the business educator in higher institutions of learning in Enugu state. The study and uses of computer play prominent role on how business is conducted and transactions made, in today’s business and leaf reduce problems uncounted in day to day business transaction. Computer studies enable the student of business education carry out their work in offices and organization effectively efficiently.
1.7 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study was primarily restricted to five state government owned institutions of higher learning in Enugu state namely; Enugu State College of Education (Technical) and Enugu State University of Science and Technology Enugu; Our Savior Institute of Science, Agriculture and Technology, OSISATECH; African Thinkers College of Education, Enugu; Caritas University Emene Enugu. Therefore, the two institutions of higher learning are where the researcher effectively carried out the research.
1.8 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers impact of computer studies on the teaching and learning of business education in higher institutions in Enugu. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) Availability Of Research Material: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
b) Time: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities
1.9 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
Attitude: Is that which influences an individual’s choice of action and response to a stimuli.
Business Education: A subject offered under the 6-3-3-4 Nigerian education system and covers commerce, accounting, economics, entrepreneurship and office management.
Computer: An electronic device that accepts user input referred to as data, processes it under specials instructions called programs in order to produce a desired output called information.
Computer applications: The software or sets of instructions that direct a computer user on the tasks to perform and how to perform them.
Teaching resources: Materials intended for use by a teacher to improve or extend his teaching.
Computer technology: The computer devices which are used in the communication of ideas between persons and groups in various teaching and training situations.
Computer Study: Generally speaking, computer science is the study of computer technology, both hardware and software. The field of computer science spans several core areas: computer theory, hardware systems, software systems, and scientific computing.
Business Education: Business Education is an aspect of Vocational and Technical Education, a specialized programme of instruction designed to provide individuals with knowledge, skills and attitudes leading to employability and advancement in office occupations as well as teaching business subjects.
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