Often, you'll be given a topic to write on or given a list of options. When you have the freedom to choose your own topic, bear the following in mind:
Choose a research topic that's appropriate to the length of your paper: Students frequently choose themes that are too wide to be covered satisfactorily. Broad topics tend to overgeneralization, whereas narrow topics lead to close observation. For example Write on one episode in the history of women's rights rather than the history of women's rights if you're writing a five-page paper.
Avoid picking a topic that will make you want to summarize rather than explore or examine it: for example don't choose the plot of Macbeth but how the final scene of Macbeth illustrates the play's theme. The second topic is narrower and less likely to lead to summary. When considering a topic, ask yourself if it can lead to a reasonable thesis.
Choose a topic that suits your interest in your field of research: for example, if you really don't care and have passion to explore about cigarette advertising restrictions, don't choose it as a persuasive essay topic. You'll have more to say about something you care about, and you'll write better about it and vice versa. In general, if you choose a topic that interests you, your reader will be interested as well.
Choose a topic on which you can find research materials: Even if you aren't writing a research paper, make sure you choose a topic that you can easily lay hands and get research materials to help carry out your research. many final year students usually get hooked at this point because they tend to select a research topic without possible findings whether the materials to carry out these project is available.
If a topic doesn't work out after you've chosen it, don't be afraid to alter it: Instructors prefer it if you create an excellent essay rather than churn out pages on a bad topic.